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Biogas Measurement Options

Biogas Measurement Hoentsch Anaerobic Digester MonitoringBiogas measurement provides gas quantity output data, detects the efficiency of a fermentation tank, controls combustion efficiency of the boiler and monitors greenhouse gas emission (CH4 and CO2).

Raw Biogas is usually measured with a low flow rate and pressure of 50-60 mbar and an ambient temperature rising to 50°C after fermentation. Water-saturated biogas can cause 5-6 vol % liquid water in the pipe after cooling down. Particles can cause clogging. Water vapor and H2S forms a corrosive acid. Backflow and scaling of bacteria may appear. Hazardous area certification is required.


Measuring Points:

  • directly after the digester from 0.25 to 2 m s-1 at very low gas pressure of 1–3 mbar only
  • in front of CHP stations 8–15 m s-1 at higher gas pressure of 50–100 mbar
  • for biomethane at feeding points into natural gas grid 8–10 bar

More in "Collection of Methods for Biogas"


Selection of Flow Meter Instruments

The selection of a suitable flow instrument requires the following parameters: component of biogas, working temperature, working pressure range, pipe size, flow rate (min, normal, max flow).

biogas measurement in aerobic digester, Hoentzsch, Vortex

  • Mechanical FM: (Turbine, Orifice, Oscillation): low cost, compact design but large pressure drop, low turn-down ratio, damage through corrosion, clogging, low accuracy with low pressure and flow
  • Thermal Mass FM: direct mass flow rate, wide range ratio, no pressure drop but wet gas and different gas compositions lead to measurement errors, re calibration for change of gas mixture
  • Vortex FM: reliable measurement for different gas composition and vapor, insertion types but limitations by low pressure and velocity
  • Ultrasonic FM: no direct media contact, backflow option, no pressure drop but high damping of acoustic signals by CO2, water condensate, limitations by low pressure and velocity, high end pricing

We recommend the Hoentzsch Vortex Flow Instruments for biogas with corrosive, wet, particle laden and changing gas compositions with Ex approval for hazardous areas. The ultrasonic vortices scanning technology of Hoentzsch vortex sensors with no moving parts allows a low flow velocity range of 0.5m/s (up to 40 m/s) with very low pressure. The insertion type mounting allows easy exchange and cleaning.

Ex 2 gas applications: VA40 ZG7 EX zone 2

Ex 1 gas applications: VA40 ZG8 EX-D zone 0/1 with explosion house proofing

vortex Hoentzsch VA